I came across this resource recently that names and dates women warriors across the globe. My initial post on this subject mentioned one woman every century or so, with some details as to why she was famous.
There are a lot more names on this list, but not terribly much information. It seems like a good starting point for further research if you’d like to zero in on a particular region or era. For more on the Female Single Combat Club (FSCC), visit their about page for information in English and Russian.
As a side note, they also published topical poetry and fiction.